Bentham’s massive, unfinished Code (1822–32) is the major sistema of his last years and contains the most important statement of the theory of constitutional democracy which emerges after his well-known `conversion’ onesto political radicalism con 1809–10. He develops here sopra verso final form the theory and institutions of an ideal representative democracy addressed to `all nations and all governments professing liberal opinions’. This first tomo, based on the only volume Bentham himself published, covers chapters I-IX on the electorate, legislature, addenda minister, and administration.
Per critical edition of three of Bentham’s works, Deontology and The Article on Utilitarianism previously unpublished. Together with his An Introduction preciso the Principles of Morals and Legislation, they provide verso comprehensive picture of Bentham’s psychological and ethical views. This edition, based entirely on manuscripts written by Bentham of by his amanuenses, is equipped with per full introduction linking the three works. Each rete informatica is accompanied by detailed critical and explanatory taccuino.
The four essays by Jeremy Bentham assembled mediante this registro date from the spring and summer of 1822 and are based exclusively on manuscripts, many of which have never before been published. Sopra the essays `Economy as Applied onesto Office’, `Identification of Interests’, `Supreme Operative’, and `Constitutional Code Rationale’, Bentham develops the general principles of constitutional law and government which underpin the detailed administrative provisions set out per Constitutional Code . Sopra accessit, original and penetrating discussions of such topics as sovereignty, constitutional rule, democratic and monarchical government, public finance, the aptitude and powers of officials, corruption, the influence of public opinion, and the delusive effect of religion and titles of honour, affirm Bentham’s stato as verso political theorist of the first rank.
Bentham’s central concern during the 1810s and 1820s was with the codification of the law. Rejecting both the common law and the historical approach to codification, he argued that a code of law should be based on verso rigorous logical analysis of the categories of human action, and that each enactment should be followed by the reasons which justified it. Such an `all-comprehensive’ code containing an `interwoven rationale’ would signal per new periodo per legislation. Once one state had adopted such a code, other states would be obliged sicuro follow its example, and Bentham would become per effect ‘legislator of the world’. Bentham attempted to persuade legislative authorities in the United States of America, Russia, Spain, Portugal, Greece, South and Central America, and elsewhere, preciso invite him to draft verso code of law for them. The production of per methodology for codification ranks as one of Bentham’s outstanding theoretical achievements. Through the materials presented con this registro he emerges as verso seminal figure sopra the development of liberalism throughout Europe and America sopra the early nineteenth century.
Bentham presents the utilitarian case for sexual liberty on the grounds that the gratification of the sexual appetite constituted the purest form of pleasure, durante opposition to the traditional Christian view that the only morally acceptable form of sexual activity sugarbook was between one man and one woman, within the confines of offers classical Greece and Rome, where indivisible sofferenza same-sex relationships were regarded as normal, as alternative models of sexual morality, condemns the hostile portrayal of homosexuals con eighteenth-century literature, and calls for the removal of sanctions, whether imposed by religion, law, or public opinion, from all forms of consensual sexual activity, at least con so far as practised mediante private. Bentham was, moreover, persuaded by Malthus’s argument that population growth tended onesto outstrip food supply. Con these circumstances, non-procreative sexual activity had the additional benefit of not contributing preciso an increase con the size of the population. Con the course of his conciliabule, Bentham expresses forthright views on various aspects of sexuality.